Basin modelling aims at reconstructing the evolution of a sedimentary basin in order to make quantitative predictions of hydrocarbons accumulations. The most important factors behind the generation of hydrocarbons in sedimentary basins are temperature and time. The temperature regime in a basin is affected by the various geological processes taking place throughout the basin evolution. These include processes related to basin geometry, such as basin formation (extensional tectonics), deposition/erosion of sediments and faulting, and physical processes related to compaction, heat flow and fluid flow.
Our in-house and non-commercial basin modelling software BMTTM (Basin Modelling Toolbox, trademark of Tectonor AS) is an advanced 2D basin modelling system with high resolution and built-in structural reconstruction capabilities. This makes it a strong tool for modelling complex basin geometries, and for analyzing the effects of complex geological processes on petroleum systems.
BMT is a 2D system built up of 5 modelling modules:
In addition, BMT also has a diagenesis module that calculates chemical compaction by quartz diagenesis.
BMT has since early 1990s been used in a number of studies of sedimentary worldwide; Barents Sea, Norwegian Sea, North Sea, Greenland, Gulf of Mexico, South America, Asia and Africa.
In addition to standard basin modelling studies, BMT also applies for studies including: